Commercially cultured Penaeid shrimp species such as tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon), white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei), blue shrimp (L. stylirostris) and kuruma prawn (Marsupenaeus japonicus) require a dietary vitamin C for maximum growth and survival.
Vitamin C provides protection against oxidative damage and against bacterial, viral, or fungal infections. Vitamin C is essential to cell metabolism, collagen synthesis and chitin formation.
Vitamins play important roles in farmed aquatic animal health as antioxidants by deactivating damaging free radicals produced through normal cellular activity and from various external stressors, and increase stress tolerance caused by unsuitable environmental conditions.
There are 7 macro minerals including Calcium (Ca), Chloride (Cl), Magnesium (Mg), Phosphorous (P), Potassium (K), Sodium (Na) and Sulfur (S) that constitute the exoskeleton and structural constituents of tissues, participate in muscle contractions, balance osmotic pressure and maintain pH stability, etc.
Proper and adequate mineral supplementation will allow the cultured shrimp to grow faster, support the immunity and minimize the risk of infection and disease.