Born in Hawaii, SPF broodstock shrimp industry faces globalization

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For two decades, Hawaii has led the way for Specific Pathogen Free shrimp and the growth of a multibillion-dollar industry The Oceanic Institute in Hawaii, on the shore in the distance, was one of the participating institutions in a USDA-funded consortium to breed specific pathogen free (SPF) broodstock shrimp for a growing aquaculture industry. See more at


India’s vannamei shrimp farming: Preparing for a better future

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The Society of Aquaculture Professionals (SAP) played a vital role in the introduction of Penaeus vannamei in India in 2009. “However, recently several issues are threatening the sustainability of this industry. SAP realised that it needs to intervene and bring these issues to the attention of key players in the industry in India as well as the authorities,” said president S Muthukaruppan. It organised a special session on November 8, 2014 in Chennai. SAP invited four speakers to give their views on [...]


What do we know about EHP?

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• Tissue specific for HP unlike most other microsporidians which affect muscle • Transmitted orally between shrimp with no need for an intermediate vector very unusual and very worrisome • Very difficult to visualize with normal histology • Requires practice and patience • Once spores are in ponds very difficult to eradicate HP with EHP spores Control of EHP • Two fold approach to possible control – Broodstock carriers shed spores in feces which contaminate egg and nauplii surfaces. – Farmed animals shed spores into ponds which in [...]


Which solution to reduce production cost of Vietnam farmed shrimp?

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In recent years, Vietnam shrimp production area have been growing in 2014, brackish water shrimp farming area reached 685,000 ha with an output of 660,000 tonnes, up 4.4% in area and 20.4% in volume compared to 2013. Black tiger shrimp production reached 260,000 tons in 2014 compared to 2013, while production of white leg shrimp was 400,000 tons and increased 45.3%. In 2014, Vietnam shrimp continued positive growth momentum of 2013, accounting for 50% of total seafood export value reached US$ [...]


How to Manage the New Microsporidian Disease

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The March/April 2015 issue of The Global Aquaculture Advocate (“The Global Magazine for Farmed Seafood”) contains an excellent article by Dr. Stephen Newman on how to manage the new microsporidian disease caused by Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP), a parasite widely found in Asia and other areas that severely retards the growth of farmed shrimp. EHP infects the tubules in the shrimp’s hepatopancreas and damages the organ’s ability to gain nutrition from feed. Total elimination of EHP may not be possible. [...]


India: New disease worries vannamei shrimp farmers

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After achieving a record production of shrimp, which allowed the value of seafood exports from India to grow by 14 per cent yoy in the nine months ending December 2014, the industry fears that the disease known as RMS (Running Mortality Syndrome) may affect the production of vanamei shrimp in the new fiscal year. The main affected states are Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, in the southern east coast, which are the major producers of this variety of shrimp, and the top earners in the seafood export [...]


India – Broodstock Multiplication Center Destroys 8,000 Broodstock – MPEDA keen on producing ‘Make in India’ shrimp seed

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At its broodstock multiplication center in Visakhapatnam, the Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) has destroyed 8,000 Penaeus vannamei broodstock because the Ministry of Agriculture did not grant permission for their sale in time. Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture (RGCA), a research unit of the MPEDA, runs the multiplication center and supplies specific pathogen free (SPF) broodstock to registered hatcheries across the country.  Farmers, however, are often forced to purchase broodstock from unregistered hatcheries because of delays at the multiplication center. MPEDA Deputy Director S. Kandan said we [...]


Ecuador thrives with low-density, sustainable shrimp farming model

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White spot devastated Ecuador’s shrimp farming industry more than a decade ago, and recovery has been slow. But today the country’s farmers have found a new formula for success — and it seems to be working. The lowest density shrimp producer in the world Ecuador has, for several years, been taking advantage of its sustainable credentials in the wake of Early Mortality Syndrome’s to sweep of its competitors. The big hole in the shrimp market led the country to increase production by nearly 30 [...]


Vannamei Shrimp Propels India’s Seafood Exports

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Vannamei shrimp is leading India’s aquaculture shrimp production and seafood exports which is expected to touch $6billion this financial year.The Indian seafood export sector, which is today a $5 billion industry, has set a target of $10 billion by 2020. The main exports in the seafood basket were vannamei shrimp, which grew to 175,071 tonnes from 91,171 tonnes the previous year. The export of vannamei shrimp recorded a growth of 92 per cent in quantity terms and 173 per cent in dollar terms in the last financial year, according to [...]


How can you control Vibrio bacteria?

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After Dr. Lightner confirmed its virulence using Koch’s postulate, it was found that some strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus that is the cause of EMS in Asia. Most recently it has also been found to cause EMS in Mexico, which is far away from Asia. It is possible that someone brought brooder shrimp from an Asian country where EMS is prevalent into Mexico for breeding purposes and the weak postlarvae got EMS, or perhaps they used very fast-growing breeding stock [...]